Memorial Day Matters–Remembering One Of Whom I Have No Memory

Uncle Joe

Monday, May 30th is a federal holiday in the United States.  While most Americans will view the day as a paid holiday, a start to their summer, and a good time to shop for items placed on sale, that’s not the purpose for this day.  Memorial Day is a time for remembering those who died while serving in this country’s armed forces.

In the abstract, it is hard to get excited about this holiday.  It is not as fun as Christmas when you get presents, as tasty as Thanksgiving with a table laden with food or as dazzling as the Fourth of July with its fireworks.  But the reason Americans are able to continue to enjoy these other holidays is because lives were sacrificed to protect this country and our way of life.

Citing the number of soldiers who gave their all for their country cannot convey the true loss experienced by these military members and their families.  But putting a face to a statistic gives the day a much more personal reason for me to observe Memorial Day.

Who are these soldiers for whom we are paying our respects and expressing our gratitude?  Well, I don’t know them all, but I do know one.  Actually, I do not really even know him.  I know of him and am a blood relative of his.  I am speaking of my mother’s older brother, Joseph Ambrose Doyle, Jr., my Uncle Joe.  I never got to meet my uncle because he died while serving his country overseas  in Italy during World War II years before I was even born

The untimely loss of any life is tragic.  When it occurs as a result of a war, some may even go so far as to say that the loss was senseless.  A  death occurring in the line of duty affects not just the service member who loses his/her life.  Soldiers all have a family.  While the soldier’s life ends, the family’s must go on without their loved one.  As a parent, I cannot imagine the grief experienced by my maternal grandparents when they learned as the result of a telegram that their oldest child, and my grandfather’s namesake, had died far away from home and would never come home.

My mother was off at college when her brother died.  I remember her telling me that she was in the midst of final exams when she was called to the dean’s office.  There the heartbreaking news was given that her brother was dead.  How do you go on about normal daily life after experiencing such a loss?  Who would care about a final exam after being dealt such a blow?

A full military funeral was held for my Uncle Joe at Fort Moultrie, SC, complete with a  21 gun salute.  However, no body was returned home.  My uncle Joe was buried in the Sicily-Rome American Cemetery in Nettuno, Italy.  From the pictures I have seen of the cemetery, it looks like a peaceful resting place.  But it is in a foreign country far away from his home.

nettuno cemetery

My Uncle Joe’s  life, as was the case for myriad others, was cruelly cut very short.  Uncle Joe was 20 at the time of his death.  He had been  an athlete at Winyah High School in Georgetown, SC, and begun college at The Citadel.  After completing his freshman year, he went off to serve Uncle Sam.  He earned his wings and was sent to Europe where he was stationed at Bari, Italy with the Army Air Force.  Left behind were his parents, two younger sisters, three younger brothers and a sweetheart.  He had his whole life in front of him.  He served his country by giving up his opportunity to return home, see his family again, complete college, marry, have children, and do all the daily things we take for granted.

Grave Uncle Joe

And the ultimate sacrifice was not all that Uncle Joe  gave up while overseas.  He willingly traded a normal life for literal hell on earth.  He was assigned to the 757th Bombardment Squadron, 459th Bomb Group and was the pilot of a B-24 bomber.  Uncle Joe flew 35 combat missions before his death.    Each time he took off on one of those missions, he had to have had  a sick feeling in the pit of his stomach that this may be his last day of life.  Even if he survived a mission, what impact did it have on him that he was dropping bombs from the sky meant to wreak death and destruction below?  In December 1944 he survived a crash in the Adriatic Sea which killed all of his crew (the B-24 had a crew of 11) except for him and his co-pilot.  Uncle Joe was rescued by an Italian fishing boat.  He lived to put his life on the line again another day.

th

Uncle Joe became a statistic on April 28, 1945 while transporting troops from Bari to Rome.  The visibility was poor, and the plane crashed into a mountain at Cervinara, Italy.  As I traveled across Italy on a tour bus from Rome to Italy’s east coast a few years ago, I looked out at the mountains trying to figure out which one was where my uncle’s life ended.  The mountains were beautiful to look up to but apparently are deadly to fly into.

cervinara

The designation by Uncle Joe’s name is “DNB,” meaning Death Not Battle.  Whether he was shot down by the enemy or crashed on a non-combat mission due to bad weather, the result is the same.  He died as a result of serving his country–OUR country.

Uncle Joe was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, a Purple Heart and four Air Medals.  These awards are a token of his appreciation by the military,  But Uncle Joe went off to war not for the military, but for his family and for his country.  A more fitting tribute to his sacrifice is for us to remember him and what he gave up for us.  I won’t forget that he’s in Section C, Row 1, Plot 42 of a cemetery in a foreign country because he valued his country and what it stood for more than his own life.  He’s not a statistic–he’s my hero.  Uncle Joe, you are the face of Memorial Day for me.

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“You Sunk My Battleship!”–Making Military History Meaningful

USS Alabama

Ask a young student to tell you what he learns about in history, and he will probably respond words to the effect of “old stuff.”  Along with the “old” characterization comes the connotation that it is dry and dull.  You memorize who won what battle in what year.  Yawn!

My mother told me innumerable times that it is not what you say, but how you say it.  This perspective is particularly appropriate when it comes to how you teach history.  If you make it come alive and be dynamic, then the student will not only enjoy learning about it, but he is likely going to actually remember what is taught.  This conclusion is compelled by my adventures over the past two weekends–a visit to Battleship Memorial Park in Mobile, Alabama and participation in Open House at the Ranger Training Battalion at Camp Rudder at Eglin AFB, Florida.

The typical student learning history involving  military operations has no military knowledge or experience.  Thus, he has no point of reference and can really only memorize facts and figures to regurgitate at the appropriate testing point.  But if he has some hands on experience or can relate to the activities being undertaken, the learning becomes more meaningful and the facts learned  more likely to be retained.  It’s like playing the Milton Bradley game of Battleship.  A battleship is just something you read about in a textbook until you have a board where you strategize to keep your ship from being blown to kingdom come.

So I didn’t have a board to play Battleship, but I recently hopped aboard the USS Alabama to check out a real battleship at Battleship Memorial Park.  The scale of military operations in WWII took on an entirely different meaning when I experienced for myself the sheer size of this battleship.  With a crew of approximately 2,500, the USS Alabama was  pretty much equivalent to a floating town.  It had medical facilities, a chapel, fire fighters, movies for the crew, dining facilities, office space, a mail room, etc.  This is where sailors LIVED for extended periods of time; it was “Sweet Home (USS) Alabama.”    The ship  was the sailors’  home, but no one would call it homey.

Why was it called the Alabama?  No fields of cotton graced its decks.  The crew were not all Southerners.  Well, battleships are named for states.  Pretty neat fact.  One I never learned in all my years of schooling.  But I bet I will remember this fact because I was curious enough to ask the question as to the origin of its name after having been on it.

I could probably tell you more about the old TV show “McHale’s Navy” than I could anything that I “learned” in history classes about the U.S. naval involvement in WWII.  At least with “McHale’s Navy” I had a visual of subs lurking in the depths being pursued by a PT Boat.  But I have a better visual of WWII now after touring the USS Drum, a submarine also on display at Battleship Memorial Park along with the USS Alabama.

uss drum

Seeing the boat firsthand made  me come to the conclusion that subs are indeed shaped like a cigar.  How come I never learned this fact in history class? And I now know that subs are named for fish/marine creatures since they both operate under the sea. By the way, a drum is a type of fish known for its throaty noise that sounds like a drum.  Bingo!  I learned history AND biology at the same time.

To enter the bowels of the sub, one must go down the hatch.  The opening in the deck is narrow, and one is leaving the light of day for darkness below.  Thus, it makes perfect sense to say “down the hatch” when  drinks are consumed.  Visions of descending the steep steps to the inside of that submarine will certainly come to mind as I imbibe future beverages.

But I am a landlubber at heart, so it felt good to be on terra firma to learn additional military history.  My “classroom” was Camp Rudder, home to the 6th Ranger Training Battalion, for its annual Open House.  OK, I get what a battle is, but what’s a “battalion?”  Battalion derives from an Italian word meaning “battle.”  Typically, a battalion relates to the infantry and is composed of 700 soldiers in the U.S. Army.  When I see soldiers out in the field displaying combat techniques, it clicks in my brain what a battalion is.

Ranger Battalion

And I now have a concept that military units are like measurements in cooking.  Four squads=1 platoon; 4 platoons=1 company; and 4+ companies=1 battalion.  How come no one ever explained these building block units when I was taking history classes? Armies have an organizational structure.  Seems like history books/classes skip the foundation and presume that history students know basic things.  Dr. I. No History may understand what a platoon is, but the average student does not.  Let’s start at the beginning.

The light bulb came on for me at the Open House with regard to weapons.  Everyone has heard that the military uses M this and M that type weapons.  I get that the 16 in an M-16 is a number, but what in heaven’s name is an “M”?  No, not military or machine (my first two guesses); M stands for MODEL.  I got to shoot an M240 Bravo at the Open House.  I am not sure if 239 models preceded the M240, but at least I know that the gun I held is designated by a model number.

M240machinegun762mm-1

And reading about war simply just cannot convey what actually occurs.  Once you have seen a helicopter swoop in for a demonstration raid, heard the unbelievably loud sound of machine gun fire in the immediate vicinity (you have to wear ear protectors to shoot the gun), and tried to lift the 100+ pound pack full of provisions and gear a Ranger carries, you have a much better sense of the physical and emotional toll that accompanies military operations.

As a result of my recent experiences, I have had an epiphany as to how military history needs to be taught.  Certainly the dry old texts with mind-numbing facts, figures and dates cannot be totally shelved.  But I propose that the best way to teach history in a way that will truly impact the student and help him to internalize the information is to teach it the kindergarten way–Show and Tell.  More visual and hands on teaching of military history is essential for true learning to occur.  Battleship Memorial Park and Open House at Camp Rudder showed me a great deal about the military and now I am telling you about it.  I must have learned something!